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Cobra Najanaja નાગ काला साँप

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Описание

Regional Names:
Hindi: Naag(नाग ), Kaala saap(काला साँप), Kaalo(कालो)
Kannada: ನಾಗರಹಾವು
Bengali: Keute
Gujarati: નાગ, ફેણીયો
Malayalam: മൂര്‍ഖന്‍, സര്‍പ്പം
Tamil: Nalla pamb
Telugu: Nag pamu
English: Indian Cobra, Common Cobra, Common Indian Cobra
Marathi: Nag

Distribution:
Distributed throughout the country upto Assam. Not found in Indian Islands and Himalayan hills. Recorded from following states: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Daman & Diu, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Puducherry, Punjab, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand, West Bengal. Also found in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Venom Type: Neurotoxic

Family: Elapidae
Characteristics for identification:

Can be easily identified by having hood and adjoined rounded mark on posterior of hood. Color of Spectacled Cobra greatly depends on geographical areas. In and around human habitation and agricultural lands it can seen commonly as a rodent predator. Always raise hood on disturbance or to alarm its enemy. Typical spact-shaped mark is usually present which is characteristic of this species.
Description:

New born- 25-30cm.
Average length- 150cm.
Maximum length- 210cm.


Ventral -
Belly color depends on dorsal color and ranges from milky white, yellowish, white mixed with purple, red, brown, gray etc with or without dark patches.

Head -
Head triangular with rounded edge, not broader than neck. The famous hood mark appears when stretched on provocation. Hood marks varies in design and prominence aspects. In dark colored specimens (from North India) hood mark becomes faint or absent in adults. Eyes have rounded pupil.

Tail -
Slightly shorter than typical range and ends with pointed tip. Black color specimens sometimes bear darker tail.

Habitat:
Found both in hills and plains. Distributed in variety of forests of Indian mainland which includes rainforest, mixed, moist and dry deciduous forests, grassland, wetland, desert etc. Lives in dense & open forests, agricultural lands, city outskirts, around wetlands, rocky terrain having mounds and deep hiding places, old woods etc. Hides in mounds, holes, piles, caves, cracks etc.

Diet:
It preys on variety of animals including frogs, toads and mostly rodents. Also feed on birds, other snakes including venomous ones, small mammals (mongoose and kittens), eggs etc. Can climb up to good heights on roof tops and trees in search of food.
Bite symptoms:

The area around the bite starts swelling up within half an hour. The limbs become weak. The eyelids droop and cannot be kept open. Saliva starts dribbling from the mouth. This is accompanied by sweating and vomiting. If untreated, the victim dies of respiratory muscle paralysis.
Threats:
Direct threats includes killing due to its venom potency, fear due to its aggressive behavior known to layman encounterd with it and road kills. This snake is exploited extensively by all Indian snake charmers and comes in skin trade too. Many communities consume this species for edible use. Its venom is used in production of Anti Venom Serum and various research use so venom harvesting is done illegally in some parts of India and many other countries of its range. This is one among many venomous snake which are in high demand for Chinese medicines and snake vine.


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Real life experience of a professional reptile rescuer.
Helping people from trespass reptiles within human habitat, such as Snakes, Lizards etc and safely release them into their natural habitats

Stop! Do NOT attempt to handle a live reptile. They can all inflict severe injuries to humans, perhaps life threatening too.

Kindly contact your local animal rescue center for help.

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